Calluses are discrete hard areas on the skin at the sole of the foot. Commonly caused by an ill fitting shoe, prominent metatarsal bones, or a bio-mechanic abnormality of the foot where there is increased pressure at a specific area on the sole of the foot. Calluses are accumulations of the skin's epidermis (outer layer of skin), which are created by the body to protect the underlying structures of the foot from excessive stresses. The area where they form is usually under some form of pressure, such as the shoe. What initially is a helpful protective mechanism for thickening and protecting the skin and underlying tissue can become painful if the cause of the stress is not relieved. At Corey's Bootery we understand the importance of prevention of callus formation in all of our patients, especially those that have Diabetes.
Pressure and friction from repetitive actions cause calluses to develop and grow. Some causes include, improper fitting shoes. When shoes are too tight or have high heels, they compress areas of your foot and calluses can develop. When they're too loose, your foot may repeatedly slide and rub against the shoe. Your foot may also rub against a poorly placed seam or stitch inside the shoe. Also, wearing shoes and sandals without socks can lead to friction on your feet, leading to callus formation. Socks that don't fit properly also can be a problem and calluses can form.
Corey's Bootery Certified Pedorthist Recommendations:
For patients with calluses, we recommend properly fit shoes and socks (Wright anti-friction socks, American Diabetic Approved Dr. Specified diabetic socks) that reduce pressure, tongue pads, accomodative custom orthotics, metatarsal pads, rocker soles, carbon fiber plates or full steel shank, soft top cover on orthotics and a moisture absorbing top cover. If you have calluses, we recommend a consultation with a podiatrist. Please click here for a list of Kalamazoo and Battle Creek area providers.